"Christmas stories" by Charles Dickens
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Queen Victorias reign, it is widely regarded as the most famous of all pre-Victorian novels. It was originally serialized in monthly numbers from April, 1836 to November, 1837, when Dickens was only twenty-five years old. On the threshold of marriage to Catherine Hogarth, Dickens was obviously pleased with commission to write the Pickwick Papers, and wrote to his fiancйe that the emolument is too tempting to resist.
We owe a great dept to Providence, as the first two choices as writers either failed to reply or refused the commission. Chesterton was of the opinion that The Pickwick Papers was Dickenss greatest novel in the literary genre at which he excelled. During 1836 he also wrote two plays and a pamphlet on a topical issue how the poor should be allowed to enjoy the Sabbath and, resigning from his newspaper job, undertook to edit a monthly magazine, Bentleys Miscellany, in which he serialized Oliver Twist 1837-39 .
This is one of the most celebrative novels following the publication of Pickwick Papers. It contains many of the classical themes of his best writing such as the plight of orphans in Victorian England the grinding poverty of that period endured by so many people, and the working of the New Poor Law and the sow triumph of good nature and strong character over would-be suborners, the lure of temptation, organized persecution and the ravages of the fear, desperation and menace. The literary pedigree of Oliver Twist goes back in direct line to the Gothic novel and the picaresque novels of the eighteens century, most notably those of Smollett and Fielding, which are known to have been among the Dickenss favorite reading.
The novel contains some of Dickenss most famous characters, many of which have entered the language as exemplars of certain types, most notably the exploited child - Oliver Twist, himself - who dared to ask for more the tyrant Bumble, the parish beadle the diabolic gang leader Fagin, and others. The first complete edition of Oliver .Скачать