"Christmas stories" by Charles Dickens
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This preference is ironic because the Russian novelists both admired Dickens and learned from him. Turgenev praised Dickens work and even wrote for Dickens magazine, Household Words, during the Crimean War. Tolstoy wrote of Dickens, All his characters are my personal friends - I am constantly comparing them with living persons, and living persons with them, and what a spirit there was in all he wrote.
Dostoevsky was so impressed that he imitated the death of Little Nell, including the sentimentality, in describing the death of Nelli Valkovsky in The Insulted and the Injured 1862 . Supposedly, during his exile in Siberia, he read only Pickwick Papers and David Copperfield. Even if this story is apocryphal, Dickens influence on Uncles Dream and The Friend of the Family 1859 , written while Dostoevsky was in Siberia, is unmistakable.
Ironically, English critics in the 1880s were puzzled by Dostoevskys similarities to Dickens. Dickens literary standing was transformed in the 1940s and 1950s because of essays written by George Orwell and Edmund Wilson, who called him the greatest writers of his time, and full-length study by Humphrey House, The Dickens World. Critics discovered complexity, darkness, and even bitterness in his novels, and by the 1960s some critics felt that, like Shakespeare.
Dickens could not be classified into existing literary categories. This view of Dickens as incomparable continues to the present day. Edgar Johnson expresses the prevailing modern view in his assessments of Dickens Far more than a great entertainer, a great comic writer, he looks into the abyss.
He is one of the great poets of the novel, a genius of his art. This is not to say that every critic or reader accepts Johnsons view F. R.
Leavis could not take Dickens so seriously .Скачать