"Christmas stories" by Charles Dickens
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heritage of the great English novelist for the past and present of Russian and also world culture. Мадзигон М. В Реализм раннего творчества Чарльза Диккенса, Тбилиси, 1962.
стр. 24-37 Chapter-I Charles Dickens life and career and the role of Christmas stories in his creative activity 1. Beginning of literary career of Charles Dickens.
Charles John Huffam Dickens was born February 7, 1812, in Portsmouth, Hampshire, but left it in infancy. His happiest childhood years were spent in Chatham 1817-1822 , and area to which he often reverts in his fiction. From 1822 he lived in London, until in 1860, he moved permanently to a country house, Gad s Hill, near Chatham.
His origins were middle class, if of a newfound and precarious respectability one grandfather was a domestic servant, and the other an embezzler. His father the clerk in the navy pay office was well paid but his extravagance and ineptitude often brought the family to financial embarrassment or disaster. Some of his failings and his ebullience are dramatized in Mr.
Micawber in the partly autobiographical David Copperfield . In 1824, the family reached bottom. Charles, the eldest son, had been withdrawn from school and was now set to manual work in a factory, and his father went to prison to dept.
These shocks deeply affected Charles. Though abhorring this brief descends into the working class, he began to gain that sympathetic knowledge of their life and privations that informed his writings. Also, the image of the prison and of the lost, oppressed, or bewildered child recurs in many novels.
Much else in his character and art stems from his period, including, as the XX century novelist Angus Wilson has argued, his later difficulty, as men and author in understanding women this may be traced to his bitter resentment against his mother, who had, he felt, failed disastrously at this time to appreciate his sufferings. She had wanted him to stay at work when his fathers release from prison and an improvement in the familys fortunes made the boys return to school possible.Скачать