"Christmas stories" by Charles Dickens
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figures, are not often more complicated in their make-up and less easily rewarded by good fortune. With his secular hopes diminishing, Dickens becomes more concerned with the great final secret of all life - a phrase from Little Dorrit, where the spiritual dimension of his work is most overt. Critics disagree as to how far so worldly a novelist succeeds artistically in enlarging his view to include the religious.
These novels, too, being manifestly an ambitious attempt to explore the prospects of humanity at this time raise questions, still much debated, about the intelligence and profundity of his understanding of society. Dickens spirits and confidence in the future had indeed declined. 1855 was a year of much unsettled discontent for him, his friend Forster recalled, partly for political reasons or, as Forster hints, his political indignation was exacerbated by a discontent that had original purposes .
The Crimean War, besides exposing governmental inefficiency, was distracting attention from the poverty, hunger, and ignorant desperation at home. In Little Dorrit, I have been blowing off a little of indignant steam which would otherwise bow me up , he wrote, but I have no present political faith or hope - not a grain. Not only were the present government and Parliament contemptible but representative government is become altogether a failure with us the whole thing has broken down and has no hope in it.
Nor had he a coherent alternative to suggest. This desperation coincided with an acute state of personal unhappiness. The brief tragicomedy of Maria Beadnells reentry into his life, in 1855, finally destroyed one nostalgic illusion and also betrayed a perilous emotional immaturity and hunger.
He how openly identified himself with some of the sorrows dramatized in the adult .Скачать