"Christmas stories" by Charles Dickens

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Pickwick formula. Thus containing much comedy still Oliver Twist is more centrally concerned social and moral evil the workhouse and the criminal world it culminates in Bill Sikess murdering Nancy and Fagins last night in the condemned cell at Newgate. The latter episode was memorably depicted in George Cruikshanks engraving the imaginative potency of Dickens characters and settings owes much, indeed, to his original illustrators Cruikshank for Sketches by Boz and Oliver Twist, Phiz Hablot K.

Browne for most of the other novels until 1860s . The currency of his fiction owed much, too, to its being so easy to adapt into effective stage versions. Sometimes 20 London theatres simultaneously were producing adaptations of his latest story so even nonreaders became acquainted with simplified versions of his works.

The theatre was often a subject of his fiction, too, as in the Crummles troupe in Nicholas Nickleby. This novel reverted to the Pickwick shape and atmosphere, though the indictment of the brutal Yorkshire schools Dotheboys Hall continued the important innovation in English fiction seen in Oliver Twist - spectacle of the lost or oppressed child as an occasion for pathos or social criticism. This was amplified in The Old Curiosity Shop, where the death of Little Nell was found overwhelming powerful at the time, though a few decades later it became a byword for Victorian sentimentality.

In Barnaby Rudge he attempted another genre, the historical novel. Like his later attempt in this kind, A Tale of Two Cities, it was set in the late 18th century and presented with great vigor and understanding and some ambivalence of attitude the spectacle of large scale mob violence. George H.

Ford - Dickens and His Readers, London, 1955, reprinted 1974. pp. 46-48 To create an artistic unity out of the wide range of moods and materials included in every novel, with .

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Реферат 19.03.2003

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Christmas IN Britan Christmas Day , December 25,is probablythe most popular holiday in Great Britan. It is a family holiday. Traditionallyall relatives and friends give each other presents. So before Christmas all the department stores and shopsare crowded, everybody is choosing a present.

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George Orwell

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Friendship never ends

o learn how to win friends, study the technique of the greatest winner of friends the world has ever known. You may meet him tomorrow coming down the street. When you get within ten feet of him he ll begin to wag his tail. If you stop and pat him he ll

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