Modern English literature
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Atlantic. James Joyce, a native of Ireland, spent nearly all his life in voluntary exile. He could not live in his own country for it was enslaved by England.
This fact may partly explain his pessimistic view on life, which is reflected in his work. The portrayal of the steam of consciousness as a literary technique is particularly evident in his major novel Ulysses (1922). The task he set before himself was to present a day in ordinary life, as a miniature picture of the whole of human history.
Among the writers of short stories who used the realistic method were Katherine Mansfield and Somerset Maugham. Though the works of these writers differ very much in their artistic approach, their authors had one feature in common. To them the stability of the existing social and political order seemed unquestionable.
The Thirties The second period in the development of English literature of the 20th century was the decade between 1930 and World War II. The world economic crisis spread over the whole capitalist world in the beginning of the thirties. The Hunger March of the employed in 1933 was the most memorable event in Britain.
The employed marched from Glasgow to London holding meetings in every town they passed. In Germany Hitler came to power in 1933. In 1936 the fascist mutiny of general Franco led to the Civil War in Spain.
The struggle of the Spain people was supported by the democratic and anti-fascist forces all over the world. An International Brigade was formed, which fought side by side with the Spanish People's Army against the common enemy – fascism. Many British intellectuals and workers joined the ranks of the International Brigade.
Every one of them clearly realised that the struggle against fascism in Spain was at the same time a struggle for the freedom of their own country. The Second World War broke out in 1939. A new generation of realist writers, among them Richard Aldington, J.
B. Priestley, A. J.
Cronin and others appear on the literary scene.Скачать