Government and Politics
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public office, advance an ideology as reflected in positions on public issues, win elections, and exercise power. Political socialization The process by which individuals acquire political attitudes and develop patterns of political behavior. Political system A recognized set of procedures for implementing and obtaining the goals of a group.
Politics In Harold D. Lasswell’s words, "who gets what, when, how. " Power The ability to exercise one’s will over others.
Power elite A term used by C. Wright Mills for a small group of military, industrial, and government leaders who control the fate of the United States. Pressure groups A term sometimes used to refer to interest groups.
Representative democracy A form of government in which certain individuals are selected to speak for the people. Routinization of charismatic authority Max Weber’s term for the process by which the leadership qualities originally associated with an individual are incorporated into either a traditional or a legal-rational system of authority. Terrorism The use or threat of violence against random or symbolic targets in pursuit of political aims.
Totalitarianism Virtually complete government control and surveillance over all aspects of social and political life in a society. (390) Traditional authority Legitimate power conferred by custom and accepted practice. Two-step flow of communication Elihu Katz’s term for a process through which a message is spread by the media to opinion leaders and is subsequently passedi along to the general public.
Veto groups David Riesman’s term for interest groups that have the capacity to prevent the exercise of power by others. References: 1. Donald Light, Suzanne Keller, Craig Calhoun, “Readings And Review For Sociology”, Fifth Edition, prepared by Theodore C.
Wagenaar and Tomas F. Gieryn, New York, 1989 2. Richard T.
Schaefer, “Sociology”, Western Illinois University, 1989.Скачать