Government and Politics

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Dictatorship of the proletariat Marx’s term for the temporary rule by the working class during a stage between the successful proletarian revolution and the establishment of a classless communist society. Elite model A view of society as ruled by a small group of individuals who share a common set of political and economic interests. Force The actual or threatened use of coercion to impose one’s will on others.

Influence The exercise of power through a process of persuasion. Interest group A voluntary association of citizens who attempt to influence public policy. Legal-rational authority Max Weber’s term for power made legitimate by law.

Legitimacy The belief of a citizenry that a government has the right to rule and that a citizen ought to obey the rules and laws of that government. Lobbying The process by which individuals and groups communicate with public officials in order to influence decisions of government. Marital power A term used by Blood and Wolfe to describe the manner in which decision making is distributed within families.

Monarchy A form of government headed by a single member of a royal family, usually a king, a queen, or some other hereditary ruler. Oligarchy A form of government in which a few individuals rule. Pluralist model A view of society in which many conflicting groups within a community have access to governmental officials and compete with one another in an attempt to influence policy decisions.

Political action committee (PAC) A political committee established by a national bank, corporation, trade association, or cooperative or membership association to accept voluntary contributions for candidates or political parties. Political efficacy The feeling that one has the ability to influence politicians and the political order. Political party An organization whose purposes are to promote candidates for .

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