Government and Politics

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In some cases, the central state establishes production goals for each industrial and agricultural unit. The revolt of the Polish workers’ union. Solidarity, in the early 1980s was partly directed against the government’s power over production quotas, working conditions, and prices.

Through such methods, totalitarian governments deny people representation in the political, economic, and social decisions that affect their lives. Such governments have pervasive control over people’s destinies. Democracy In a literal sense, democracy means government by the people.

The word democracy originated in two Greek roots—demos, meaning "the populace" or "the common people"; and kratia, meaning "rule. " Of course, in large, populous nations, government by all the people is impractical at the national level. It would be impossible for the more than 246 million Americans to vote on every important issue that comes before Congress.

Consequently, democracies are generally maintained through a mode of participation known as representative democracy, in which certain individuals are selected to speak for the people. The United States is commonly classified as a representative democracy, since we elect members of Congress and state legislatures to handle the task of writing our laws. However, critics have questioned how representative our democracy is.

Are the masses genuinely represented? Is there authentic self-government in the United States or merely competition between powerful elites? Clearly, citizens cannot be effectively represented if they are not granted the right to vote.

Yet our nation did not enfranchise black males until 1870, and women were not allowed to vote in presidential .

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