Media in the world
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Mass media is a comprehensive term embracing television, radio, motion pictures, and large-circulation newspapers and magazines. It refers to much more than the journalistic aspects of the instruments of popular communication. The mass media often function as the locus of social control and the source of popular culture.
They help create historical events, teach values, and by virtue of the huge commercial enterprises they represent, affect the viability of free societies. There are five major fields of journalism: newspapers, news services, periodicals, radio and television. Radio and television perform information only briefly, but quickly.
Newspapers include full reports on different topics. News agencies provide them with the latest information. NEWS AGENCIES News agencies are local, national, international, or technical organizations that gathers and distributes news, selling theyr services to newspapers, periodicals, and broadcasters; reports are also available as part of some on-line computer services.
The major news organizations in the U. S. are: the Associated Press (AP), founded in 1892 as the Associated Press of Illinois, which adopted its present name in 1900; the United Press Association, called the United Press (UP), founded in 1892, which became an affiliate of the Scripps-Howard newspaper chain; and the International News Service (INS), founded by W.
R. Hearst in 1906; in 1958 INS was merged with UP, forming United Press International (UPI). Two major European news agencies are the Reuter Telegram Company of London, founded in 1851 and known simply as Reuters; and Agence France-Presse, founded in 1835 as Agence Havas of Paris.
Some countries have government-owned and -controlled agencies. News agencies transmit copy through the use of the telegraph, telephone wires, underwater cables, and communications satellites. Many offer their clients photographs, news analyses, and special features.Скачать