Portuguese emigration after World War II
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Its evolution has depended not only on the potential migrants' assessment of available rewards for labor abroad, but also on the political sanctioning of the “recipient” nations and the strength of the migrant network active at both ends of the trajectory. Migration Policies: The Legal Framework The Marshall Plan gave Western Europe the means with which to launch its postwar economic recovery. The following discussion draws heavily on four publications by Maria I.
B. Baganha: “Portuguese Emigration: Current Characteristics and Trends” (Portuguese Report to COST A2 conference “Migration: Europe's Integration and the Labor Force;' Leuven, 1991); “As correntes emigratуrias portuguesas no sйculo XX e o seu impacto na economia nacional” in Anбlise Social, 128 (39), 1994: 959-980; “Principais caracterнsticas e tendкncias da emigraзгo portuguesa” in Estruturas sociais e desenvolvimento: actas do II Congresso Portuguкs de Sociologia (Lisbon: Fragmentos, 1994), 819-35; “The Market, the State, and the Migrants: Portuguese Emigration Under the Corporative Regime” (Paper presented to the ESF Conference “Migration and Development,” Crete, 1994). Southern Europe and other peripheral regions covered the initial labor shortages resulting from war casualties, and later substituted native labor in the so-called dirty and low-paid jobs.
Thus, between 1958 and 1973, the six countries of the European Economic Community issued eight million first work permits to facilitate a mass transfer of labor from the peripheral south to the industrialized north of Europe. It was only from the 1960s on that Portugal began to participate substantially in this intra-European transfer of labor. This can be shown with an analysis of foreign arrivals in France between 1950 and 1974.
France was a major destination for migration in this period and the preferred .Скачать