Portuguese emigration after World War II
- Размер36,14 Kб
country's exports, the figures are even more impressive. Remittances increased from 13 percent of the country's exports in the 1950s to 25 percent in the 1960s and 56 percent in the 1970s. These crude indicators illustrate the impact of Portuguese emigration on the country's economy and demography, but they do not tell whether that impact was beneficial.
The latest econometric simulations to measure the trade-off between emigration and remittances suggest that “past emigration had positive welfare effects, which means that the positive effects of remittances dominate the negative welfare effects of depopulation. However, the annual growth of domestic production has been slowed down by about half a percentage point. ” Alfredo M.
Pereira, “Trade-Off Between Emigration and Remittances in the Portuguese Economy,” Faculdade de Economia - Universidade Nova de Lisboa Working Paper 129, 1989. Changes in the 1970s With or without state permission, by the mid-1960s and early 1970s, the Portuguese were leaving the country in increasing numbers. Sociologists and historians working during those years stressed the duality of Portuguese society and the imbalances of the country's economic structure as the main factors driving a growing number of migrants out of the country.
A. Sedas Nunes, “Portugal: sociedade dualista em evoluзгo,” Anбlise Social 2: 7/8 (1964), 407-62; Carlos Almeida and Antуnio Barreto, Capitalismo e emigraзгo em Portugal, 3d ed. (Lisbon: Prelo, 1976); Joel Serrгo, A emigraзгo portuguesa: sondagem histуrica, 3d ed.
(Lisbon: Livros Horizonte, 1977; Vitorino Magalhгes Godinho, A estrutura da antiga sociedade portuguesa (Lisbon: Arcбdia, 1978). Economists prefer to emphasize pull factors, and they name the wage differential between Portugal and the receiving countries as the main factor driving Portuguese emigration. Eduardo S.
Ferreira, Origens e formas da emigraзгo (Lisbon:.Скачать