Portuguese emigration after World War II
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total migrants. The northern coast alone provided 305,000 migrants (26 percent of all the mainland flow). An analysis by periods shows that the most remarkable change is in the numbers leaving from the Lisbon coastal region.
In the 1950s, this region had only 8,500 emigrants. The number rose to 64,000 and 60,000 during the 1960s and 1970s, respectively, when France and Germany became the preferred countries of destination. The Lisbon coastal region became the country's main migratory area between 1980 and 1988, representing 24 percent (22,000 migrants) of mainland total legal flows.
This change seems to be connected to a major difference between the composition of migration flows overseas and to Europe. When directed overseas, migration was essentially from rural areas, both on the mainland and on the islands. When directed to Europe, it was increased linked to the most urban and industrial areas.
Current trends show an even clearer intensification of this pattern, as documented by the growth of the Lisbon coastal region. Key Migrant Characteristics An analysis of the economic characteristics of the legal migrants will help complement the characterization so far done. Table 10.
4, which summarizes legal migrant characteristics between 1955 and 1988, indicates that of the economically active migrants who left the country legally, 26 percent in 1955-59, 38 percent in the 1960s, and 50 percent in the 1970s were engaged in the secondary economic sector. Equally relevant is the increase in the annual number of departures from this sector. It rose from 5,000 in 1955-59 to 10,600 in 1960-69, clearly pointing to the greater attraction that European labor markets exerted over the urban and industrial sectors.
As noted earlier, inferences from the legal registers on sex age and marital status-are risky.Скачать