Social stratification and social inequality
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Such methods are used by Russian sociologists, for instance, by N. M. Rimashevskaya and others who consider as rich those people whose monthly current income exceeds $ 3,000 per capita and as poor - those people whose monthly income is less than $ 50.
Having applied these methods of calculations a Belarusian sociologist E. M. Babosov suggested a seven-step socio-structural matrix which shows social stratification of the Belarusian society by 2002: 1) rich people (1,5-2% of the population); 2) prosperous people who can afford expensive goods, trips, holidays etc.
(3-4%); 3) well-doing people with the income of $1,000-500 who feel a bit restrained while buying expensive cars, visiting restaurants, going abroad etc. (8-9%); 4) moderately-doing people with the income of $300-100 who have to make a choice how to spend spare money with focusing on the family primary needs: to buy either good clothes or good food or high-tech equipment but never all these things at a time (38%); 5) little-doing people who feel seriously restrained as they can't buy household or other expensive equipment, good clothes etc. (14-15%); 6) poor people who only sometimes afford to buy meat, fruit, clothes, who can't pay for their children's education (31%); 7) rags who can't buy meat, fruit, clothes for themselves and their children; being beggars they often live on handout (7%).
Actually, this structural matrix of social stratification shows the distribution of wealth and income in Belarus but the population of the country can also be stratified according to people's social statuses. E. M.
Babosov suggested his own hierarchy with seven strata which is superposed with his socio-structural matrix. Obviously, his matrix differs from that of .Скачать