Social stratification and social inequality
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which a professor belongs in developed societies and testifies about stratification incompatibility. There are two ways to liquidate it and make status characteristics more or less equal: either to raise a professor's salary to the level of the middle class or to decrease the level of education. Both things can hardly be done in a transitive society: the first one - due to economic reasons, the second one - due professional reasons.
Stratification incompatibility may entail a feeling of social discomfort which may turn to frustration, the latter - to dissatisfaction with one's place in the society. That's why the fewer are the cases of status and stratification incompatibility in the society the more stable and sustainable is the society. Russia of 1995-2000 is a typical example of a transitive society characterized by both status and stratification incompatibility.
As far as the society is concerned, its stratification profile, or a profile of social inequality, should be distinguished. A stratification profile is defined as structural distribution of wealth and income. As a rule, it shows a ratio of the upper, middle and lower classes in the country's population, or the level of social inequality in the given society.
If the ratio is in interest, the table is made up. The stratification profile is also easily viewed graphically. It can have three forms - that of a rhombus or diamond, and a pyramid with either broad or narrow footing.
For instance, in modern highly developed countries the profile is a rhombus. Types of stratification profile Upper class Middle class Lower class a) b) c) Picture 1. a) rhombus; b) pyramid with broad footing; c) pyramid with narrow footing.
The stratification profile may speak a lot of stability in the society.Скачать