Social stratification and social inequality
- Размер24,33 Kб
Decisions made by the President or Prime-Minister of the country should be accepted by the whole population of the given country, and decisions by a sole proprietor - by his employees only. In a highly stratified society power is guarded by law and tradition, it means privileges, a wider access to social wealth, and possibility to make decisions which are most essential to the society, laws for the benefit of the higher class being among them. People possessing power (political, economic or religious) constitute the elite of the society.
Education is measured by a number of years studied in state or private school, university etc. For instance, a professor has studied for more than 20 years (11 years at school, 5 - university, 3 - post-graduate courses, 3 - doctorate courses), a low qualified worker - not more than 11. A weak point of the criterion is that quality of education is not taken into account.
Establishments of learning located in the capital of the country are likely to provide better quality than those located on the periphery. Another distinction is character of knowledge - theoretic, fundamental or branch, applied - that a person can get. Income, power and education are objective parameters, and they have units of measure, correspondingly local currency, people, years; unlike them prestige is of subjective character.
Prestige is respect that public opinion gives to a certain job, profession or occupation. No doubt, the profession of a banker is more prestigious than that of a cleaner or plumber. All professions, occupations and jobs existing in the society can be ranked from top to bottom according to their prestige.
Although professional prestige is very often defined by intuition, approximately, in some countries, for instance in the USA sociologists measure it with special methods. Income, power, education and prestige combined together define an aggregated socio-economic status,.Скачать