Society as a system

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Second, such dichotomies consider the society as a stable integrated whole leaving aside a probability of contradictions and conflicts which are to some extent typical of any society. Having made use of all typologies, a contemporary American sociologist Daniel Bell worked out some synthesizing model. He identifies three types of human society: non-industrial, or traditional, industrial and post-industrial, or modern.

In non-industrial society the determining factor of its development is agriculture, in industrial - industry and in post-industrial - information (theoretic knowledge). The other famous triads are a conception of pre-modern, modern and post-modern societies suggested by S. Crook and S.

Lash; a theory of pre-economic, economic and post-economic societies suggested by a Russian theorist V. L. Inozemtsev, a theory of the first, second and third waves of civilization suggested by O.

Toffler etc. Theories of the society's origin There are a lot of theories of the society's origin; some of them are rather disputable. For instance, in “spontaneous” sociology one can distinguish three hypotheses: 1) a natural one which is based on the proposition that labour made man and turned a crowd to a cultural entity of producers; 2) a divine theory says that God made man and bequeathed him the material world and moral law; 3) a cosmic theory states that some from another planet made man and manipulated human development to achieve their laboratory purposes.

But these theories can't explain the essence of the socio-genetic mechanism which is necessary to create a social organization. Of modern scientific theories of the society's origin the distinguished ones are instrumental, sexual, gender, cratic and semantic conceptions. Instrumental conception assigns a primary importance to man's .

Курсовая Философия 27.08.2010


Under the post-modern onslaught, all boundaries and distinctions rapidly fall. Some of the losses associated with the collapse of traditional distinctions have been trivial, but others have been earthshaking, and there seems to be no way to distinguish between the two in a post-modern context. рекомендует:

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