Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century
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of production of any society. Therefore, R. Dahrendorf believes in a system where managers belonging to various classes of the society actually control economy of various industries and business corporations.
At the same time, he believes that in modern society economic division of power is altered due to unequal distribution of resources, and that allows the middle class to grow side by side. This is basically a result from changing trends of globalization and regionalism. Social psychology is a sub-discipline of both sociology and psychology.
If sociology deals with social categories and groups, psychology - with individuals, social psychology involves the intersection of the social and the individual where the individual is influenced by the social and, in turn, interacts with the social and influences on it as well. Another way of looking at social psychology is that it is the study of how micro- and macro-social phenomena - the individual and society - interact. Social psychology tries to answer the following questions: How does an individual develop his self-concept or personality?
Or, how do social situations affect the way a person thinks or acts? Two of the many perspectives in social psychological thought are symbolic interaction and social exchange. Such perspectives are of importance because they are based on the assumption that people, in order to meet their basic needs and fulfill their desires, must interact with others in the process of social exchanges.
For example, very few people produce the food they eat but obtain it in exchange for goods, services, and money they provide through a network of others in roles and organizations that specialize in one or another aspect of food production and distribution.Скачать