Forces Acting on an Airplane
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“Forces Acting on an Airplane” Cadet: Khokhlov Mark Group№:P-03-3 Supervizor: Gromova G. S. Ulyanovsk 2006 Content Forces Acting on the Airplane.
Thrust opposes drag. Flight Control Surfaces. Laminar flow Airfoil.
Additional information. Forces Acting on an Airplane The airplane in straight-and-level unaccelerated flight is acted on by four forces. The four forces are lift, gravity, thrust and drag.
The airplane in straight-and-level unaccelerated flight is acted on by four forces lift, the upward acting force; weight, or gravity, the downward acting force; thrust, the forward acting force; and drag, the backward acting, or retarding force of wind resistance. Thrust opposes drag Drag and weight are forces inherent in anything lifted from the earth and moved through the air. Thrust and lift are artificially created forces used to overcome the forces of nature and enable an airplane to fly.
The engine and propeller combination is designed to produce thrust to overcome drag. The wing is designed to produce lift to overcome the weight (or gravity). In straight-and-level, unaccelerated flight, (Straight-and-level flight is coordinated flight at a constant altitude and heading) lift equals weight and thrust equals drag, though lift and weight will not equal thrust and drag.
Any inequality between lift and weight will result in the airplane entering a climb or descent. Any inequality between thrust and drag while maintaining straight-and-level flight will result in acceleration or deceleration until the two forces become balanced. Flight Control Surfaces The three primary flight controls are the ailerons, elevator and rudder.
Ailerons: The two ailerons, one at the outer trailing edge of each wing, are movable surfaces that .Скачать