Portuguese emigration after World War II
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Portuguese migrants left the country illegally. Some 777,000 arrivals to France and Germany are not accounted for in the Portuguese official statistics. More specifically, comparing the French and Portuguese sources indicates that for the period 1960-69, 48 percent of emigration to France went unregistered by Portuguese sources, and 81 percent for 1970-79.
For Germany, the Portuguese migratory flow is unregistered by 27 percent for 1962-69 and by 42 percent in 1970-79 (see Table 10. 6). Previous works considered only illegal emigration to France.
The totals are therefore different from the ones presented in this paper. See, e. g J.
C. Ferreira de Almeida, “A emigraзгo portuguesa para a Franзa: alguns aspectos quantitativos,” Anбlise Social 2: 7/8 (1964), 599-622; M. L.
Marinho Antunes, “Migraзхes, mobilidade social e identidade cultural: factos e hipуteses sobre o caso portuguкs,” ibid. 19: 65 ( 1981 ), 17-37; Stahl, Perspectivas da emigraзгo. No systematic study has ever been made of clandestine migrants.
The study of illegal Portuguese migration in other historical periods, as well as available information on illegal departures to Europe after World War II, however, indicates that clandestine flows differ significantly from legal ones. Illegal Portuguese migrants tend to be isolated and unskilled males in their prime; this increases the likelihood that legal flows do not accurately reflect actual migratory flows between 1950 and 1988. The last annual Boletim available from the Secretaria de Estado das Comunidades Portuguesas is for 1988.
One corrective for the discrepancies in the official figures is to examine the relative attraction of the principal recipient countries. According to French and German records, we can correct the distribution in Table 10. 2.
Table 10. 1 (Legal Departures)) shows that the two preferred European destinations (France and Germany) attracted 35 percent of the total between 1950 and 1988, and that the three overseas destinations (Brazil, Canada, and the .Скачать