Portuguese emigration after World War II
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on the Foreign and the Interior ministries, was created to regulate and supervise emigration. The Junta da Emigraзгo aimed to implement a quota system that defined the maximum number of departures by region and occupation, after taking into account regional labor needs and the structure of the active population. According to the same logic, several bilateral treaties were signed in the 1960s with the Netherlands, France, and the Federal Republic of Germany.
These treaties, which explicitly aimed to maximize economic returns from emigration to these countries, were accompanied by an order to the Emigration Services to allow a maximum of thirty thousand legal departures a year, and by a total ban on the legal departure of those engaged in specific occupations. 5. F.
G. Cassola Ribeiro, Emigraзгo portuguesa. Aspectos relevantes relativos аs polнticas adoptadas no domнnio da emigraзгo portuguesa, desde a ъltima guerra mundial.
Contribuiзгo para o seu estudo (Porto: Secretaria de Estado das Comunidades Portuguesas/Centro de Estudos, 1986), 41-42. The combined effect of these policies was to ensure a migratory flow that the state considered beneficial to the country's labor supply and to its economic development. The rationale behind this last set of governmental policies has to be linked to the new economic model of development endorsed by the Estado Novo during the 60's.
In fact, while the previous model of economic development favored the labor-intensive traditional industries in northern Portugal and rural development, the new model favored the creation of a leading modern industrial sector in the Metropolitan Area of Lisbon. It was thought that this new industrial sector in conjunction with emigration would absorb the rural surplus. It was also thought that this industrial sector, along .Скачать