Portuguese emigration after World War II
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destination for Portuguese emigrants. Between 1950 and 1959, Italians represented more than half of the total foreign inflow. In 1960, Spaniards equaled the number of Italians entering France, with each of these nationalities contributing 30,000 migrants to a total of 72,600 arrivals.
The Spaniards replaced the Italians as France's main suppliers of foreign labor from 1961 to 1965, and were in turn replaced by the Portuguese from 1966 to 1972. From 1962 on, Portugal's share grew constantly. In 1970 and 1971, Portuguese migration peaked.
In an overall total of 255,000 arrivals in 1970 and 218,000 in 1971, the Portuguese contribution represented 53 percent (136,000) and 51 percent (111,000 migrants) respectively. France, Office Nationale d'Immigration (ONI) for the given years, in M. L.
Marinho Antunes, “A emigraзгo portuguesa desde 1950: dados e comentбrios,” in Cadernos GIS 7 (Lisbon: GIS, 1973),73,109. The Portuguese did not simply replace the Italians and the Spaniards numerically; they also took up jobs left vacant by them in public works, construction, and the domestic and personal service sectors, as well as in agriculture. See Luнs Miguel Seruya, “Determinantes e caracterнsticas da emigraзгo portuguesa, 1960-1979,” in Perspectivas da emigraзгo portuguesa para a CEE, 1980-1990, ed.
Heinz-Michael Stahl et al. (Lisbon: Moraes Editores/I. E.
D 1982), 37-64; Mary M. Kritz, Charles B. Keely, and Silvano M.
Tomasi, eds Global Trends in Migration: Theory and Research on International Population Movement, 3d ed. (Staten Island, N. Y.
: Center for Migration Studies, 1983); W. R. Bohning, Studies in International Labour Migration (London: Macmillan, 1984); Jorge P.
Branco, A estrutura da comunidade portuguesa em Franзa (Porto: Secretaria de Estado das Comunidades .Скачать