Rise of sociology as an intellectual tradition. Classical tradition in sociology of the XIX century

  • Добавили04.07.2012
  • Размер26,81 Kб
  • Скачали25
Сколько стоит заказать работу?

H. Spencer considered the society as an organism made up of systems subdivided into smaller ones. The inner system performs the function of preserving the organism by adaptation to the conditions of “subsistence”; the external system performs the function of regulation and control between the subsystems and milieu; the intermediate system is in charge of distribution, transit and communication.

By this approach to the study of the society H. Spencer marked the basic elements of functionalism, later developed by other researchers: a systemic character of the society as a totality of actions which are not reduced to the actions of individuals; the conception of the system's structure that is built due differentiation and stabilized through integration. H.

Spencer used the criterion of comparative meaning to classify societies as military and industrial ones. Military societies have common systems of belief, people interact due to violence and compulsion, in other words, people exist for the state. Industrial societies, in which the economic system dominates, are characterized by democratic principles, diversity of belief systems, people's interactions are voluntary: the state is for people.

Human development progresses from military societies to industrial ones, although a return to military forms can't be excluded. Besides, H. Spencer believed that social order in industrial societies could not be adequately explained as an outcome of contractual agreements between people motivated by self-interests.

Criticizing H. Spencer's conceptions, modern sociologists agree that alongside with Marxism it was the first experience of combining a historical-evolutionary approach to analyze social phenomena with a structural-functional one. 2.

Classical tradition in sociology of the XIX century A classical tradition in any science is often connected with institutionalization of its .

Скачать

5ballov.qip.ru рекомендует:

  • Выбор ВУЗа

    С приходом лета начался период, когда выпускники школ выбирают куда пойдут учиться дальше. Конечно, это совсем не легкий выбор, но помочь в выборе может рейтинг вузов на нашем сайте. Также в этом разделе представлена вся нужная для абитуриентов информация.

  • Как сдать ЕГЭ

    Прежде, чем идти в выбранный вуз с документами, нужно сначала получить аттестат, который выдается после сдачи экзаменов. А подготовиться к ним можно в нашем разделе ЕГЭ. Там также представлены варианты за прошлые года.

  • Подготовка к ГИА

    Для девятиклассников не менее важно окончание учебного года. Их также ждет государственная итоговая аттестация. Подготовиться к ней можно на нашем сайте в разделе ГИА. Главное помнить: самоподготовка - это путь к успешной сдаче.

Облако тегов