Social stratification and social inequality
- Размер24,33 Kб
American cities. Based on social anthropology, W. Warner divided Americans into three classes (upper, middle, and lower), then further subdivided each of these into an upper and lower segment, with the following postulates: · upper-upper class called “old money” is represented by people who have been born into and raised with wealth, for instance, Rockerfeller; · lower-upper class or “new money” is represented by individuals who have become rich within their own lifetimes; known examples are Bill Gates in the USA, Richard Branson in the United Kingdom; · upper-middle class comprises high-salaried professionals, such as doctors, lawyers, corporate executives; · lower-middle class comprises lower-paid professionals, but not manual labourers, for instance, police officers, non-management office workers, small business owners; · upper-lower class, also known as the “working class” comprises blue-collar workers and manual labourers; · lower-lower class is represented by the homeless and permanently unemployed, as well as the “working poor.
” To W. Warner, American social class was based more on shared attitudes than on the actual amount of money an individual has made. Such attitudes are income, prestige of job, education and ethnicity.
For example, the richest people in the United States belong to the lower-upper class like Bill Gates, but members of the upper-upper class tend to be more respected, as a simple survey of US presidents may demonstrate (for instance, the Roosevelts; John Kennedy; the Bushes). Another observation concerns members of the upper-lower class who might make more than members of the lower-middle class, for instance, a well-salaried mechanic versus a secretarial worker, but the class difference is based on the type of work they perform.Скачать