Social stratification and social inequality
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strata. Scientific conceptions of stratification of the society One of the known conceptions of the division of the society is the conception of classes of K. Marx who emphasized the leading role of economy in development of social phenomena.
The Marxist idea of a class society is centered on relations of individuals or social groups to the means of production while other class characteristics are considered derived or secondary. K. Marx marked that in any economic system there is a dominant class which owns the means of production, and a suppressed class which works for the owners; a part of the society is lumpens or people who are completely discarded by the society.
It gave K. Marx and F. Engels the right to consider inequality as a consequence of unfair socio-economic relations between those who exploit and those who are exploited.
Works by K. Marx and his supporters were put into the grounds of the conflict approach to the society. Conflict theorists consider the inaccessibility of resources and lack of social mobility in many stratified societies.
They conclude that stratification means that working class people are not likely to advance socio-economically, while the wealthy can continue to exploit the proletariat generation after generation. M. Weber formulated a three-component theory of stratification, with social class, status class and party class (or politics) as conceptually distinct elements.
· social class is based on economically determined relationship to the market (owner, renter, employee etc. ); · status class is based on non-economic qualities like honour, prestige and religion; · party class refers to the factors having to do with affiliations in the political domain. Other views to emerging inequality are expressed in the conception of Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore who defined stratification as the unequal rights and .Скачать