Social stratification and social inequality
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W. Warner with three basic strata further subdivided into upper and lower ones, because in modern Belarus, due to its historic development, there is no “old money” class, middle class is subdivided in three layers etc. So, due to statuses, in 2002 the Belarusian society was viewed by E.
M. Babosov as follows: · upper class - new elite is at the top of the pyramid: rich entrepreneurs, top officials like ministers and higher who are in fact a new bourgeoisie and higher state bureaucracy; · upper middle class - middle and petty entrepreneurs, directors of enterprises, popular artists, actors, famous scientists, owners of medical centers etc. ; · middle class - professors, lawyers and doctors possessing a private practice, middle management of efficient enterprises, senior offices etc.
; · lower middle class - teachers, line managers and engineers, employees of cultural establishments, qualified workers etc. ; · lower class - low qualified workers, peasants, etc. ; · parasite layers - mafia groups, racketeers, gangsters, witches, magicians etc.
They may belong to various classes due to their level of wealth, even to the upper class but their status in the society is not high that's why they have to put on a mask of other statuses; · marginal layers - the homeless adults and teenagers, beggars who descended from other social classes, refugees etc. Sociological surveys carried out in 1990-2002 show that a stratification profile of Belarusian transitive society had the form of a pyramid with broad footing (poor or lower classes of the society) and small peak (economic and political elite). The footing was a zone of poverty which extended from 3% of the population in 1990 to 76,8% in 2001.
The other area of the pyramid was for the elite and middle class, they being not numerous in number. Of four basic parameters of social stratification (income, power, education and prestige) only power .Скачать