Society as a system

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ability to make a quick comprehension and consideration that resulted in inventing specialized instruments to satisfy man's needs. Man invented specialized labour tools - instruments. By increasing labour efficiency with tools people came to consolidation of the system of labour division and to widening of economic differentiations.

A social organization emerged and started developing. Sexual conception is based on man's physiological characteristics such as the ability to reproduce posterity (i. e.

babies) all the year round. It results in spontaneous, non-controlled way of natural reproduction that might be dangerous for survival of the community. Fixing control over birth rates is linked with formation of families and emergence of norms regulating sexual and other relations between members of the community.

Gender conception takes into account the distribution of social roles among genders. As women possess a biological monopoly for gender reproduction, men make an artificial counterbalance in the form of male monopoly to establish order. The theorists of feminism believe that at the moment an agreement on how to distribute women is reached by men, a social organization as a community with certain rules of living together emerges.

Cratic conception rests on the general theory of systems and deducts emergence of the society from development of the governing subsystem. People are differentiated by their strength and intellect that's why some individuals manage to capture the role of a leader who can keep the community's important resources under control. In due time leaders begin to form and consolidate the system of rules to respect leaders, transfer power, distribute privileges among other members of the community etc.

resulting in emergence of a social organization. Its basis is made up with norms keeping and maintaining the relations of inequality.

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Курсовая Философия 27.08.2010

Postmodernism

Under the post-modern onslaught, all boundaries and distinctions rapidly fall. Some of the losses associated with the collapse of traditional distinctions have been trivial, but others have been earthshaking, and there seems to be no way to distinguish between the two in a post-modern context.

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