Society as a system
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society as a big, interacting system has become most shared. According to the general theory of systems, in the physical universe everything is arranged into systems that are themselves components of a more extended system, like the earth as part of a solar system that forms a part of a galactic system, which in turn belongs to a cluster of galaxies. The other examples of a system are a set of three PCs (local network) or the British Empire.
A human body is also a system as it is made up of cells which make up tissues which in turn make up different organs as parts of functionally defined subsystems such as circulatory, reproductive etc. Social systems demonstrate analogous structural characteristics where humans are considered components of social systems such as banks or universities which are in turn components of the system of banking or education as parts of the economic or cultural spheres of the society. And if, for instance, a person's heart gets sick, the whole human organism becomes out of order.
By analogy, if the country's economy is in recession, the whole system including politics, culture, education and other spheres begins suffering. Any system is characterized by integrity, structure, functions, equilibrium, open character, dynamics, self-organization, self-reproduction, self-regulation and evolution. A society thought of as a system is not an exeption as it is created by its members to meet the needs of living by joint efforts at that time and in that place.
For achieving those needs the society should have structure and processes. Its integrity is realized through a number of functions such as reproduction of the population, order and security etc. Differentiation of social functions is accompanied by establishing various social structures such as economic, political, religious and other institutions filled up with people possessing .Скачать