Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century
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multiple points of view and theoretical differences among contemporary sociologists. BASIC CONCEPTS AGIL - Adaptation, Goal attainment, Integration, Latency (by T. Parsons).
Anarchism - a political belief that the society should have no government, laws, police, or other authority, but should be a free association of all its members. Behaviourism - a movement which sees human behaviour as something which can be moulded by punishment and reward. Chicago school of sociology - refers to a group of sociologists at the University of Chicago who made the first major attempt to study the urban environment by combined efforts of theory and ethnographic fieldwork in Chicago.
They pioneered research on urban studies, poverty, the family, the workplace, immigrants, ethnic and race relations, developed important research methods using mapping and survey techniques. In 1920-30s, urban sociology was almost synonymous with the work of the Chicago school. The major researchers in this school included William Thomas, Florian Znaniecki, Robert Park, Louis Wirth, Ernest Burgess, Everett Hughes, and Robert McKenzie.
Discrimination - unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice. Elite - a selected group of people whose personal abilities, specialized training or other attributes place them at the top of any field. Elitism - a belief or attitude that elite are the people whose views on a matter are to be taken most seriously, or who are alone fit to govern.
Feminism - a doctrine that advocates social equality of the sexes; political, social, and cultural movement dedicated to promoting equal rights for women in all aspects of life. Gemeinschaft (by F. Toennis) - a group formed around an essential will of an actor who sees himself .Скачать