Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century
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Название документа: Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century . MINISTERY OF EDUCATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS Belarus State Economic University REFERAT: «Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century» Minsk 2008 In the XX century sociological science has undergone considerable changes. Modern sociology presents an extremely complex system of theories, conceptions, hypotheses, methods and ways of investigating social phenomena.
Of importance is the fact that the evolution of main perspectives and schools of modern Western sociology went along simultaneously on its three levels: theoretic, applied and empiric. Empiric researches had been carried out before but they didn't bear a systematic character; neither had they some developed methodology and methods of research. An empiric direction that appeared in the XX century can be considered an opposition to the theoretic constructions of classical sociology of the XIX century.
It was given birth by the attempts to overcome theorizing of social philosophy, on the one hand, and by the necessity to solve practical issues of governing social processes, on the other hand. Most actively sociology developed in the USA to meet some significant needs; first, to extend beyond the framework of the European tradition, second, due to the necessities required by a fast development of American industrial society and practical implementation of newly appeared social problems. American sociology is represented by numerous schools and directions and the Chicago school is one of them.
When the University of Chicago was founded in 1892, it established the nation's first department of sociology.Скачать